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References: Laundering of Blankets and Clothing

These citations on the effect of laundering of blankets and clothing on reducing allergen exposure are provided for allergy specialists and other medical professionals. A full understanding of the role of washing of textiles in allergen avoidance requires a critical reading of the complete text of these and other studies on allergen-avoidance, washing, indoor allergens, and allergic conditions including asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis.

The role of water temperature and laundry procedures in reducing house dust mite populations and allergen content of bedding.

AUTHORS: McDonald LG; Tovey E

AFFILIATION: Department of Medicine, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

SOURCE: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1992 Oct;90(4 Pt 1):599-608

CITATION IDS: PMID: 1401643 UI: 93017539


The effects of various laundry procedures on house dust mites and their allergens have been established. All mites were killed by water temperatures 55 degrees C or greater. Killing at lower temperatures was not enhanced by any of the pure detergents or laundry products tested. A cold cycle of laundry washing with or without laundry powder did not remove most live mites from bedding; however, the allergen concentration (Der p I/gm fine dust) was reduced by more than 90%. Dry cleaning did not reduce the allergen concentration of the dust, although most, if not all, mites were killed.

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